## Where does the Sun’s 28% come from?

### March 14, 2012

Two different takes on the same report – “Redundancies since start of jobs recession cost UK employers £28.6 billion“, claims the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD).

But the Sun approaches this report from a different perspective – “Counting the cost: 2.7m made redundant since ’08“. Nothing at all untoward here, of course – the Sun is rightly putting the focus on the human, rather than the business, cost.

One line from the report caught my eye; namely, that “two-thirds of people made redundant are paid less in the next job they find. On average the pay penalty is 28%” (or, as the Sun phrases it, a “humiliating” 28%).

## Fighting the fear factor

### July 1, 2009

Still playing the Feynman Cds – listening to him deliver his lectures brings you closer to his unique way of seeing the world. Such as his definition of gravity – the path of a particle in a gravitional field is that which maximises its (proper) time.

What I enjoy about his presentation is the striking use of a different perspective to drive a point across in a memorable way, without dumbing down or sacrificing precision.

So when we talk about journalism’s basic numeracy toolkit, we don’t have to cast it in overtly mathematical language – an average is a way of using a single figure to characterise an entire group of figures, like an adjective on steroids; a standard deviation is a measure of how spread out a set of measurements are. Read the rest of this entry »

## Is MP 1pc less expensive than report suggests?

### March 31, 2009

An article from this morning’s Liverpool Daily Post claims that Wirral West MP Stephen Hesford is Merseyside’s most expensive. He claimed £166,866 in expenses which, the article tells us, is “£22,000 more than the Commons average”.

That makes the average claim £144,866 (the report doesn’t define which “average” is being used, but presumably it’s the mean). Mr Hesford, we’re informed, “ran up a Parliamentary bill 16% above average last year”. Not on the quoted figures, he didn’t. The figure of 22,000 represents a 15.2% increase over the average of 144,866 (to one decimal figure). The rule for rounding is clear – if you’re rounding a figure to whole numbers, look at the first decimal place (in this instance, it’s “2”). If it’s less than five, round down; if it’s five or greater, round up. So in this case, 15.2% becomes 15% not 16%.

What’s happened here? Well, it’s odd that Mr Hesford’s claim is given to the pound whereas the amount by which this differs from the average is given to a round figure of £22,000, clearly not the true figure.

Although other newspapers (such as The Guardian) use a rounded off figure of £144,000 for the average, the true figure according to the Daily Mail website is actually £144,176. That differs from the figure implied in the Liverpool Daily Post report by £690. Using the Daily Mail’s figure does indeed show that Mr Hesford’s expenses were 15.7% (to one decimal place) above average, and we can quite rightly round this to 16%. So the Daily Post’s article is indeed correct, but it’s figures are misleading.

The lesson? If you’re quoting figures (salaries, expenses) to the nearest pound, then do so throughout – if you suddenly change the level of accuracy (that missing £690 from the Parliamentary average is 0.48% away from the true figure), then some readers will realise that the sums don’t add up.

Naturally, we don’t want to stupify readers with the minutiae of numerical detail, but this strikes me as an example of needless imprecision – the reporter clearly had the accurate figures because they came up with the right answer (16%); so why not share that level of detail with the rest of us?

None of which makes the behaviour of some of our MPs appear less than avaricious, though.

(The above isn’t meant as a criticism of the Liverpool Daily Post in particular. I worked at this paper for many years, and it is generally more accurate than most – but as it is a paper I am familiar with, I tend to draw examples from it!).